What is the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps?

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It is estimated that this outbreak often appears in Xinjiang and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, so many people have an interest in this usually almost unheard of institutions. It's interesting to think about this question, so take advantage of the evening to have time to write a written regiment. All the contents of this article are the product of my self-understanding and digestion of the publicly released information collected, which does not mean that the Corps is like this, but only proposes a model method of understanding the Corps in an easy-to-understand way.

The first clear "production and construction corps" is not unique to Xinjiang, in the history of New China, there have been Xinjiang Military Region Production and Construction Corps, Beijing Military Region Inner Mongolia Production and Construction Corps, Shenyang Military Region Heilongjiang Production and Construction Corps, Lanzhou Military Region Production and Construction Corps, Yunnan Production and Construction Corps, Guangzhou Military Region Production and Construction Corps, Anhui Production and Construction Corps, Jiangsu Production and Construction Corps, Zhejiang Production and Construction Corps, Shandong Production and Construction Corps, Fujian Production and Construction Corps Fuzhou Military Region Jiangxi Production and Construction Corps, etc. Most of these regiments were abolished from 1974 to 1975 as part of a local farming system. The "Xinjiang Military Region Production and Construction Corps" was also abolished in 1975 and restored in 1981, but the name was changed to "Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps" and the word "Military Region" was removed.

The second clear one understanding, "Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps" and ChineseMIN people's liberation army has no affiliation, the corps has a military department, is equivalent to other provincial administrative regions of the provincial military regions (cannot say that a province has a provincial military region, it has affiliation with the PLA), the armed police corps brigade is equivalent to other provincial administrative regions of the armed police headquarters.About Baidu's "party, government, military and enterprises in one", "self-management of internal affairs", "double leadership", "new group", "cultivation of the edge" this article is not explained, interested in their own view of Baidu - because the more the interpretation is more chaotic.Simply put, the list of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps is understood as a special province. The Corps has a command, there are 14 divisions (of which 13 agricultural divisions, of course, are now deliberately weakening the traces of agriculture, a builder, that is, the Eleventh Division), there are nearly 200 agricultural and pastoral regiment farms, countless companies, as well as construction enterprises, and other types of enterprises.

(1) First of all, the headquarters - division - regiment - company. Command is equivalent to the provincial government, division is equivalent to the municipal government, the regiment site is equivalent to the county government, the company is equivalent to the village. Headquarters in Urumqi City, 1st Division in Aksu District, 2st Division in Bazhou, 3st Division in Kashgar Region and Kyushu, 4th Division directly in Ili State, 5th Division in Bozhou, 6th Division in Changji State (five canals, this will be said later), 7th Division in Yili county directly in the Kuitun City and Tacheng area, the 8th Division in Changji Anda city area (Shihezi, this also waits to say), the 9th Division in the Tacheng area, the 10th Division in the Altai area, the 11th Division in Urumqi City (construction division, no group field), The 12th Division is in Urumqi, Changji and Turpan (221 regiments are in Turpan), the 13th Division is in Hami, and the 14th Division is in the Hetian area. The fourteer divisions are regarded as fourteer cities, and they happen to be distributed throughout the territory.

The problem comes out here, we're talking about the equivalent of provincial, district, county and village, but it's not exactly. Why is that? Because China's administrative division has no headquarters, division, regiment, company, this is more embarrassing - the corps in what capacity to external? The regiment field is largely an economic entity, the ordinary people in the regiment sequence are actually the agricultural workers of the regiment field, the "state-owned enterprise", but the county and city where the regiment field is located will not interfere with the internal administration of the regiment field... In fact, I write all feel very awkward. Before the establishment of the National People's Congress Of the Corps at the end of 2017 and the granting of administrative law enforcement powers to the Corps, the Corps actually had no administrative law enforcement powers. But each division will be based on their actual work to issue some administrative documents, after all, the system is complete, what development and reform, engineering, public security, agriculture, water conservancy, natural resources, ecological environment, education, transportation people have. But when these documents conflict with the local, the local administrative organs do not recognize (the relationship between the corps and the local, this article does not say, anyway, not as good as thought) ... So again, I wrote very awkwardly... Say back to the regiment, since the regiment is an economic entity, so it has to pay taxes, the question is to the regiment and the regiment belongs to the enterprise tax to whom? Apparently handed over to the state and the local xinjiang region - because the regiment has no administrative power and naturally no tax collection power - then the Xinjiang region returns that part of the tax to the corps. When the Corps was built that year, put forward a slogan is not to compete with the people, so the Corps in Xinjiang this oasis agricultural area, in addition to a few divisions, most of the other divisions occupy the lower edge of the oasis is actually not very good place (of course, after so many years of regiment development some places have been very good, but this does not mean that those places started very well), itself is relatively poor, and no tax, so it is more difficult. This leads to a second question.

(2) Dare not speculate on national policies, but I personally feel that it is very important to solve the economic difficulties of the Corps - the establishment of autonomous regions directly under the Corps county-level cities. The earliest is Shihezi City, and then set up five canal city, Aral City and Tumushuk City, and then about a decade of silence, the establishment of Beitun City, and then set up more.

At present is basically in accordance with a division, a county-level city so to set up. 1st Division, Aral City (Aral City is the central city of the Southern Frontier of the Corps); 2nd Division Tiemenguan City; 3rd Division Tumushuk City; 4th Division Cokdara City; 5th Division Shuanghe City; 6th Division 5 Canal City (front, because of the comparison of the five canals established) Early, so many people think that the five canal city is the sixth division of all, in fact, the sixth division has a lot of regiments distributed in Changji County, this is the reason for writing the sixth division in Changji County; As with the five canals, because the establishment is very early, so many people think that Shihezi City is the 8th Division of all, in fact, the 8th Division has a lot of regiments distributed in ChangjiZhou and Tacheng area, this is the previous write 8th Division in Changji State and Tacheng area Reasons); 9th Division Xiaobaiyang City (currently the State Council does not seem to have approved the establishment, preparations); 10th Division Beitun City; 11th Division is a construction engineer, does not seem to have set up; 12th Division Beiting City (currently the State Council does not seem to have approved the establishment, in preparation) Red Star City of the 13th Division (currently the State Council does not seem to have approved the establishment, in preparation) (just received information from a division of the 13th Division, the 13th Division proposed to build a new star city, the original proposed Red Star City and the Northeast re-name, has been changed);

(3) One division, one city (and even some divisions to establish a second city) to solve some of the problems of administrative divisions, but did not solve all, after all, there is a headquarters, there are regiments, are more embarrassing. At the end of 2017, the Corps established the National People's Congress Industry Committee, granted the Corps administrative law enforcement powers in the area under its jurisdiction, personally think that is a preliminary solution to this awkward problem of the Corps, the regiment's tax revenue, in theory should be handed over to the tax department of the division city, the headquarters should set up the regiment tax department (currently not, belongs to my thinking), the division city's tax department directly to the regiment tax department.And with the administrative law enforcement power, in addition to the division of the city outside the regiment of each regiment, the company is actually more like the traditional sense of the county and village. This is also I said that in the future can be more and more as a province, division as a city (region, state), regiment as a county, company as a village reason.Probably written here, I think what is the regiment, the regiment's administrative system is probably clear.

***(4) The court and prosecutor's office system of the Corps has nothing to do with the administration, we do not understan***d, do not erry.

(5) There is also the problem of a construction worker.

The Eleventh Division and the Architect are two brands of solidity. Construction division before the subordinate called several regiments, engineering groups, now changed to a few soldiers, soldiers several built, such as four soldiers, seven soldiers, eight soldiers ... ... Are construction enterprises. Now these units seem to be wholly owned subsidiaries of the Corps Construction Workers, and the Construction Engineers (11th Division) are representatives of the state-owned enterprise funders of the Corps Construction Workers. According to the modern enterprise system management. Of course, there are other survey and design construction units under the construction division (11th Division).

(Reprint please indicate the original author: Colonel Wu Yu.) Although feel that the writing is very bad, estimated that no one reprinted, but the words still have to say ... )